Developed Countries: CanadaCanada is the northern-most country in North America. Is a Federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories with a system of decentralized government and shaped a constitutional monarchy. Created in 1867 with the Act of the Confederation. First, Canada is a Union with the French colonial Empire and the former British colonies, Canada is a founding member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, and La Francophonie. Canada has two official languages:
French is the language of the majority of Quebec, and widely used in New Brunswick; and also used in Ontario to the East, North and Southwest; and in specific communities throughout Atlantic Canada and Western Canada.
United Kingdom is the majority language in other places with the exception of some communities and the territory of Nunavut where the majority of the population speaks Inuktitut.
The capital of Canada is Ottawa, where the Parliament is located. The Governor General of Canada, who runs a personal privilege that sent the Kingdom, and the Prime Minister, who is the head of Government, has an official residence in Ottawa. The former French and British colonies.
GeographyCanada is the largest country in North America. The vast country of Canada 9,970,610 km
square. Canada is a country that has the second largest land area in the world, after Russia.
Canada is located at position coordinates 45 ° 24 ' N 75 ° 40 ' W. Canada occupies the northern half of North America. It borders with the United States in the South and on the Northwest by Alaska. The country stretches from the Atlantic Ocean and Strait of Davis in the East to the Pacific Ocean in the West. To the North lies the Beaufort Sea and the Arctic Ocean; Greenland is located in the Northeast.
In the densely populated territory, hot season ranges from warm up to passable hot, reaching over 30 ° C in Montreal and 15 ° C, Iqaluit, Nunavut. In Vancouver, the temperature is normally between 0 and 25 ° C throughout the year, but in some places in the pasture, the temperature can be as low as-40 ° C in winter and as high as 35 ° C in summer. In the Great Lakes region, the temperature range between-30 ° C to 35 ° c. The country is experiencing four distinct seasons.
The climate in the country of Canada vary greatly, ranging from the expanse of snow cover the North latitude of 70 to the lush vegetation on the West coast of British Columbia. But overall, Canada has four distinct seasons, particularly in the part that many of its residents along the United States border. In the summer, daytime temperatures can reach 35 ° C or more, and temperatures as low as -25 º C is included in the winter. Temperatures are comfortable or experienced in spring and autumn.
DemographicsThe Census of 2001 recorded 30,007,094 people, and from April 2005 the population was estimated at Statistics Canada a number of 32.2 million people. Canada has a density of 3.2 people per square kilometre, which is incredible low compared to other countries.
EconomyCanada have currency dollars (CAD). Of the estimated year 2005, total income (GDP/PPP) residents of Canada is US $1.318 billion. While per capita income was US $32.921.
Canada's economy is now approaching the United States with a market-oriented economic system, pattern of production, and high living standards. In the last century, the remarkable growth in production, mining, and service sectors has transformed the country from a rural economy into an urban industry. Energy can be met alone, Canada has a lot of natural gas reserves in the East Coast and in the three Western provinces, and also the large number of other resources.
Canada has successfully avoided economic recession after 2001 and has maintained the best economic growth in the G8 group. With the large number of natural resources, skilled labour force, and modern capital plant, Canada enjoys solid economic prospects.
Politics and GovernmentCanada is a constitutional monarchy and a system of Government federal parliamentary.
Privileges as Canada's head of State is held by a Governor General, who is generally a senior politician or other prominent Canada, appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister of Canada. The Governor General is the non-partisan figures who meet various ceremonial roles, including providing Royal assent over the BILL which was passed by the Assembly of representatives and the Senate, read out the Speech from the throne, signing documents countries, opening and ending the Parliament officially, and dissolved the Parliament during the election.
The Queen and especially the Governor General, the lead is just the name of the course as well as a few have real power, because they almost always act according advice from the head of the Government of Canada, namely the Prime Minister. They served as Government symbolically sustainable, i.e. when there is a change of Government.
Canada is a member of the United Nations,The Commonwealth, La Francophonie, The Organization Of American States, NATO, the G8, and APEC.
CultureCulture of Canada are great influenced the culture and traditions of the United Kingdom and France as a result of its colonial period. In addition, Canada's culture has also been influenced by American culture because of its proximity to two Affairs and migration of people, ideas, capital, and the politics of crossing borders. Although it inherited culture, culture Canada has developed many unique characteristics. In many ways, the culture of Canada is more sturdy and clearly has grown in recent years, mainly because of a sense of nationhood that include Canada in the years that followed and handed Canada a hundred years in 1967, and also because of the focus on the programs to support the arts and culture of Canada by the federal Government.
EducationEducation in Canada is provided, funded and overseen by the federal Government, provinces, and local governments. Education is within the jurisdiction of the provincial government and the curriculum is overseen by the provincial government. Education in Canada is generally divided on basic education (Primary School, Public School), then secondary education (High School) and a high education (University, College). In each of the provinces there is no School Board that oversees educational services and conducting educational programs. Education is compulsory for the population of Canada until the age of 16 in the whole province in Canada, except for Ontario and New Brunswick, where the mandatory age to 18 years.
Canada requires that school for 190 days in a year, officially starting from September (after labour day) until the end of June (usually the last Friday of the month, except in some cases in Quebec when it was just before the June 24-the province public holidays).
Canada is famous for a society that is safe, fair and peaceful. The crime rate in Canada continues to decline in stable since 1990. In 1997, a police report about the crime rate in Canada decreased 5 percent during the sixth year in a row. Violent crime was down for the fifth year in a row in 1997 and the homicide rate in Canada now accounts for less than one percent of all incidents of violence were reported. Unlike the United States, Canada's neighbor to the South, the firearm in the strict control and is generally not allowed in Canada.