State nameThe Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia/Al-Mamlakah Al-Arabiyah Al-Saudiyah).
CapitalRiyadh (spacious 1600 km2, population of 6,125 million in 2015, 180, and is the largest city)
National daySeptember 23 (fusion of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia commemorates the year 1932 by Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al-Saud as the first King).
The national anthemAl-Salam al-Malakiy (Greetings).
FlagGreen with white Arabic script which means: "there is no God but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God" which is on top of the sword with the tip facing pillars. (The flag should not be flown at half mast)
Coat of armsPalm tree flanked by two swords crossing located. Date palm symbolizes growth and prosperity, while the sword symbolizes justice and strength as a basis of trust.
The language of theArabic. Many United Kingdom language is also used in urban areas.
ReligionIslam (100%). The Majority Of Sunnis. Followers of Previously about 5% are mostly in the eastern region: the Qatif, Sayhat, Safwu (near Dammam), and Al-Hasa (near Hoffuf).
Ethnic groupsArab 90%, Afro-Asian 9%, other 1%.
CurrencySaudi Riyal (SR) (since the 1986 exchange rate pegged US $1 = 3.75 SR; (SR 1 = ± Rp 2,500,-). Banknotes with nominal: SR 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, and 500 while coins with nominal: 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 Halalah (1 Riyal = 100 Halalah).
CalendarThe Islamic Calendar (Hijri).
HolidaysFriday and Saturday. Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha holiday generally 2 (two) weeks. Starting in 2005, the Government set September 23 as a national holiday.
Hours of workGovernment offices 07.30 – 14.00; shops 09.00 – 22.00 (14.00 – 16.00 close). The whole store is closed at the time of prayers. Friday, the shops generally open after praying ' ASR.
TimeGMT + 3 hours, GMT – 4 hours (no time difference for the whole area of Arabia).
System size & electricMetrics and 110/220V 60 Hz.
Phone codeCountry codes (966); area code: (011) Riyadh, Makkah, Jeddah, Taif (012), Dammam, Al-Khobar, Dhahran, Hafar Al-Qatif, inner, (013), Tabuk, Al-Jauf, Yanbu, Sakakah, (014), Al-Qassim, Hail and Buraidah (016), Asir, Al-Baha, Jizan, Najran, Khamis Mushait (017).
LayoutLocated on the Arabian Peninsula between the Red Sea to the West (1,760 km) and the Arabian Gulf in the East (560 km).
Area2,240,350 km2 (4/5 the Arabian Peninsula) [17 times the size of Java within 132,107 km2].
The limit StateJordan (Northwest); Iraq and Kuwait (North); Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman (East); and Yemen (South).
Limit line lengthJordan (728 km), Iraq (814 km), Kuwait (222 km), Qatar (60 km), United Arab Emirates (457 km), Oman (676 km), Yemen (1,845 km).
The condition of the landArid steppe and Sandy ber of rocks composed, Highlands, mountains, there are no permanent rivers.
ClimateVaries in each area. On the coast such as Jeddah is generally hotter and more humid throughout the year (23 ° C – 35 ° C). While in the outback regions such as Riyadh is hotter and drier (May – September, 25 ° C – 40 ° C), but cold in the winter (November – February, 1 ° C – 15 ° C).
TopographyWestern region (Hejaz) along the Red Sea coast consists of mountain ranges (the two holy cities of Makkah and Madinah, the port city of Jeddah, Yanbu industrial city). Southwest region (Asir) is a lush mountain range (the highest peak of 3000 m), a lot of rain and cool. Southern region contained Rub'Al-Khali/Empty Quarter desert, one of the world's largest uninhabited. Central region (Najd) consists of a plateau (Riyadh). The eastern region is rich in oil resources (Al-Khobar, Dhahran, Dammam, Jubail Industrial City and). The northern territories there are desert Nafud.
Of natural resourcesOil (25% of world oil reserves), gas (40% of the world gas reserves), minerals (gold, silver, copper), non-metal minerals, and water (84% is underground water, 10% of surface water, 5% water desalination of seawater, water recycling 1%).
Main citiesRiyadh, Jeddah, Makkah, Madinah, Yanbu, Jubail, Al-Khobar, Dammam, and Dhahran.
The population ofThe estimated 2014 = 30,770,375; Density = 12.3/km2
POLITICS AND GOVERNMENTForm of State
The Monarchy (Kingdom).
The King Salman ibn Abd al-Aziz al-Saud
Crown Prince Muhammad bin Nayef:
Deputy Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman
Foreign Minister: Adel bin Ahmed Al Jubeir